The Ultimate Moonshiner's Guide to Making Buckeye Moonshine!

buckeye moonshine


Welcome to our exploration of Buckeye Moonshine! Here, we will discover the art of crafting this traditional beverage and its cultural significance. Join us on this journey into the world of moonshine.

Understanding Buckeye Moonshine

What is Buckeye Moonshine?

Buckeye Moonshine refers to a type of homemade or artisanal spirit that hails from the Buckeye State, Ohio. The name “moonshine” traditionally refers to high-proof distilled spirits that are usually made illegally; however, Buckeye Moonshine is often produced legally by small distilleries aiming to capture the spirit of traditional recipes. These spirits typically feature corn as a primary ingredient, giving them a distinctive, robust flavor. Emphasizing Ohio’s rich agricultural and distilling heritage, Buckeye Moonshine often celebrates local culture and history, making it not just a beverage, but a taste of regional pride.

History of Buckeye Moonshine

The roots of Buckeye Moonshine trace back to the early settlers of Ohio, who brought distilling techniques with them as they moved westward across the Appalachian Mountains. During Prohibition in the 1920s, when the manufacture and sale of alcohol were outlawed across the United States, moonshining thrived as an underground activity. In Ohio, local moonshiners used the abundant corn and clear spring water to produce their illicit brew, often at night to avoid detection—hence the term “moonshine.” Today, while it’s produced legally, Buckeye Moonshine still embodies this rebellious and resourceful spirit, connecting those who sip it to a storied chapter of Ohio’s past.

Ingredients for Making Buckeye Moonshine


The primary ingredient in Buckeye Moonshine is cornmeal, which forms the base for the mash. The quality of the cornmeal used significantly impacts the flavor and character of the final product.

Types of Cornmeal

There are various types of cornmeal that can be used for making Buckeye Moonshine. These include:

  • Stone-Ground Cornmeal: This type of cornmeal is ground between two stones, which helps retain the natural flavor and nutrients of the corn.
  • Yellow Cornmeal: Yellow cornmeal is a popular choice and is known for its vibrant color and rich flavor.
  • White Cornmeal: White cornmeal has a milder flavor compared to yellow cornmeal and can provide a different character to the moonshine.

Role of Cornmeal in Flavor

  • The cornmeal used in Buckeye Moonshine contributes to the overall flavor profile. The flavor can vary based on factors such as the coarseness of the grind, the type of corn used, and the processing method.


Water is a crucial component in the distillation process, and the quality of the water can influence the overall taste and purity of the moonshine. It is essential for diluting the mash and facilitating fermentation.

Importance of Water in Moonshine Production

Water is not only used as an ingredient in moonshine production but also plays a significant role in shaping the final product. Here are some key points to understand the importance of water:

  • Quality Control: The purity of the water is crucial for ensuring that the moonshine is free from impurities and has a clean taste.
  • Chemical Reactions: Water acts as a medium for various chemical reactions during the distillation and fermentation processes, influencing the overall flavor and aroma.
  • Consistency: Using a consistent and reliable water source is important for maintaining the quality and character of the moonshine from batch to batch.

Furthermore, the source of the water, whether it’s spring water, distilled water, or tap water, can also impact the final product. Spring water, for example, may impart unique mineral characteristics, while distilled water ensures a neutral base for consistent results.


Yeast is a crucial ingredient in the process of making Buckeye Moonshine. It plays a significant role in converting the sugars in the mash into alcohol through the process of fermentation. The type of yeast selected can profoundly impact the aroma, flavor profile, and overall quality of the moonshine, leading to distinctive characteristics.

There are various types of yeast that can be used in moonshine production. Each type has its own unique qualities and can produce different flavors and aromas. Here are some common types of yeast used in moonshine making:

  • Distillers Yeast: This type of yeast is specifically formulated for use in distilling alcohol. It is known for its ability to tolerate high alcohol concentrations and produce clean, pure flavors.
  • Turbo Yeast: Turbo yeast is a fast-acting yeast that is designed to produce alcohol quickly. It is often used when a rapid fermentation process is desired.
  • Ale Yeast: Commonly used in beer brewing, ale yeast can also be used in moonshine production to impart unique fruity and floral notes to the final product.

When selecting yeast for moonshine production, several factors should be taken into account to ensure the desired outcome:

  • Alcohol Tolerance: Different yeasts have varying alcohol tolerance levels. It’s important to choose a yeast that can thrive in the alcohol environment of the mash.
  • Flavor Profile: The choice of yeast can greatly influence the final flavor and aroma of the moonshine. Consider the desired flavor profile when selecting the yeast strain.
  • Fermentation Speed: Some yeasts ferment more rapidly than others. The fermentation speed can impact the production timeline and the overall quality of the moonshine.

By carefully considering the type of yeast and its characteristics, moonshine producers can craft a product with the specific flavor, aroma, and quality they desire.


  • Sugar serves as a crucial energy source for the yeast during the fermentation process.
  • It plays a pivotal role in the conversion of the cornmeal into alcohol, contributing to the potency and taste of the final moonshine.
  • In addition to providing energy, sugar also impacts the sweetness, mouthfeel, and overall flavor profile of the moonshine.
  • There are different types of sugar that can be used in moonshine production, each contributing unique characteristics to the final product.

Flavorings (optional)

While traditional Buckeye Moonshine is celebrated for its pure and unadulterated form, some distillers may incorporate flavorings such as fruits, herbs, or spices to create unique variations of this classic spirit.

Equipment Needed

Mash Cooker

A mash cooker, also known as a pot still, is an essential piece of equipment for preparing the mash in the moonshine-making process. It plays a crucial role in converting the fermented wash into alcohol through the distillation process. The mash cooker is typically made of copper or stainless steel and consists of the following components:

  • Pot: This is the main vessel where the mash is heated and distilled.
  • Condenser: It cools the vaporized alcohol and converts it back into liquid form.
  • Thumper: Some mash cookers include a thumper, which acts as a second distillation chamber, further purifying the alcohol.
  • Temperature Gauge: This component helps in monitoring and controlling the temperature during the distillation process.

Additionally, the mash cooker may come with a built-in electrical heating element or may be designed to be used directly over a heat source such as a stove or a fire. It is important to ensure that the mash cooker is properly sealed to prevent any vapor from escaping during the distillation.


The fermenter is a crucial piece of equipment used in the fermentation process. It provides an environment for the yeast to convert the sugars in the mash into alcohol. Let’s delve deeper into the components and functions of the fermenter:

  • Fermenter Types: There are various types of fermenters, including open, closed, and conical fermenters. Each type serves specific purposes in the fermentation process.
  • Fermentation Process: During fermentation, the yeast consumes the sugars in the mash, releasing carbon dioxide and alcohol as by-products. This process occurs within the fermenter under controlled conditions.
  • Temperature Control: Maintaining the ideal temperature is crucial for successful fermentation. The fermenter is equipped with temperature control mechanisms to ensure optimal conditions for the yeast.
  • Sanitation and Sterilization: Proper cleaning and sterilization of the fermenter are essential to prevent contamination and ensure the purity of the final product.
  • Fermenter Accessories: Accessories such as airlocks, thermowells, and sample ports are often integrated into fermenters to facilitate monitoring and control during the fermentation process.

Understanding the intricacies of the fermenter is vital for homebrewers and distillers alike, as it directly influences the quality and characteristics of the final product.


The still, an essential component of the distillation process, plays a critical role in transforming fermented mash into high-quality moonshine. Let’s take a closer look at the components and the distillation process itself:

  • Boiler: The base of the still where the fermented mash is heated to begin the evaporation process.
  • Column: This section allows the vapors from the boiler to rise and move into the condenser.
  • Condenser: The vapors from the column travel into the condenser, where they are cooled and liquefied back into liquid form.
  • Collection Vessel: This is where the distilled liquid, now pure moonshine, is collected and stored.

Additionally, the distillation process can be further explained through the following steps:

  1. Heating: The fermented mash is heated in the boiler, causing the alcohol to evaporate.
  2. Evaporation: As the temperature rises, the alcohol vapors move into the column for further processing.
  3. Condensation: In the condenser, the alcohol vapors are cooled and transformed back into liquid form.
  4. Collection: The final product, clear and potent moonshine, is collected in the vessel.


A thermometer is an essential tool used in the distillation process to monitor and regulate the temperature. It plays a critical role in ensuring the quality and alcohol content of the moonshine. Here’s a more detailed look at the importance of using a thermometer:

  • Precision Monitoring: The thermometer allows for precise monitoring of the temperature within the still. This is crucial for controlling the distillation process and achieving the desired alcohol content.
  • Temperature Zones: Different phases of the distillation process require specific temperature ranges. With a thermometer, the distiller can accurately identify and maintain the appropriate temperature zones for each phase.
  • Optimal Results: By closely observing the temperature variations during the distillation, distillers can ensure optimal results in terms of flavor, purity, and alcohol content.
  • Quality Assurance: Using a thermometer adds an extra layer of quality assurance to the distillation process, enabling the distiller to make informed adjustments when necessary.

Collection Container

The collection container is an essential component in the moonshine distillation process, serving as the final destination for the distilled moonshine. It plays a crucial role in ensuring the quality and integrity of the finished product. Below are some key details about the collection container:

  • Material: The collection container is typically made of stainless steel, copper, or glass to maintain the purity of the moonshine.
  • Size and Capacity: Depending on the scale of distillation, collection containers come in various sizes to accommodate different volumes of moonshine.
  • Function: It serves as a vessel for collecting and storing the moonshine after distillation, allowing it to settle and mature over time.
  • Care and Maintenance: Proper cleaning and maintenance of the collection container are essential for preserving the quality and flavor of the moonshine.

The Moonshine Making Process


Mashing is the initial and crucial step in the moonshine-making process. It involves the meticulous preparation of the mash, which sets the foundation for fermentation and distillation. The quality of the mash directly impacts the flavor and character of the final moonshine product.

  • Ingredients: The primary ingredients for mashing include cornmeal, water, yeast, and sugar. Additionally, optional flavorings such as fruit, spices, or herbs can be added to enhance the complexity of the mash.
  • Preparation: The cornmeal is mixed with water and heated to the precise temperature suitable for activating the enzymes. The yeast is then added to initiate the fermentation process, converting the sugars into alcohol.
  • Mash Tun: The prepared mash is transferred to a mash tun where it is left to ferment. This vessel can be made of various materials such as stainless steel, copper, or wood, each of which imparts distinct characteristics to the final moonshine.
  • Fermentation Time: Depending on the specific recipe, the fermentation process can last anywhere from a few days to several weeks. This period is crucial for the development of the desired flavors and alcohol content.


Fermentation is a crucial step in the moonshine making process. It is the natural biochemical process where yeast converts the sugars in the mash into alcohol and carbon dioxide. This process creates a fermenting mass that is vital for the subsequent distillation stage. Here are some key points to understand about fermentation:

  • Fermentation requires a suitable environment with the right temperature and pH level to ensure the yeast can efficiently convert sugars into alcohol.
  • Yeast plays a critical role in fermentation by breaking down the sugars, releasing energy, and producing alcohol and carbon dioxide as byproducts.
  • The duration of fermentation can vary depending on the specific yeast strain and the desired alcohol content. Typically, the process takes several days to complete.
  • During fermentation, the fermenting mass undergoes noticeable changes in aroma and flavor, setting the stage for the distinct characteristics of the final moonshine product.


    • Heating the Mash: Distillers heat the fermented mash during distillation, crucial for moonshine production.
    • Evaporating Alcohol: As the mash heats, the alcohol evaporates, with the vapor rising to the top of the still.
    • Collecting Vapor: The alcohol vapor is collected during the distillation process.
    • Condensing Vapor: This vapor then condenses as it cools, transforming back into liquid moonshine.
    • Extracting Essence: The process effectively extracts the essence of the distilled spirits.
    • Purifying and Concentrating: Distillation plays a significant role in purifying and concentrating the alcohol content of the mash.

Aging (optional)

When it comes to aging moonshine, there are several key factors to consider. This optional step in the moonshine making process can have a profound impact on the final product’s flavor and character. Here’s a closer look at the intricacies of aging moonshine:

  • Barrel Selection: Choosing the right type of charred oak barrel is crucial. Different types of wood and levels of charring can impart distinct flavors and aromas to the moonshine.
  • Duration: The length of aging significantly affects the profile of the moonshine. Longer aging periods allow for greater interaction between the spirit and the wood, resulting in a more complex and nuanced flavor profile.
  • Environmental Factors: There are many factors that can affect the aging process. Temperature and humidity both play a role in affecting the aging process. Extreme temperatures and fluctuations can expedite the extraction of flavors from the wood.
  • Flavor Development: As moonshine ages, it undergoes a transformative process, with flavors evolving and mellowing over time. This gradual development often yields notes of caramel, vanilla, and spices, contributing to a richer sensory experience.

By carefully considering these factors, distillers can tailor the aging process to achieve specific flavor profiles and characteristics, ultimately elevating the quality of the final moonshine product.

Recipes For Buckeye Moonshine

Buckeye Moonshine recipes embody deep roots in tradition and creativity, showcasing a wide array of delightful infusions and mixtures. Generations have passed down the art of crafting unique moonshine flavors and blends, with each recipe reflecting the rich history of moonshine making in the Buckeye state. From the classic recipes that pay homage to the traditional roots, to the innovative concoctions that push the boundaries of flavor, the possibilities are truly endless.

Buckeye Moonshine is often homemade and can vary greatly in recipes depending on personal tastes and local traditions. Here are two different recipes to try:

1. Basic Buckeye Moonshine Recipe


  • 5 gallons of water
  • 8.5 lbs of cracked corn
  • 1.5 lbs of malted barley
  • 5 lbs of sugar
  • 1 packet of distiller’s yeast


  1. Mash Preparation: Heat the water to about 165°F (74°C) and add the cracked corn. Maintain the temperature for about 2-3 hours, stirring occasionally to convert the starches into sugar.
  2. Cooling the Mash: Let the mixture cool to about 152°F (67°C) and add the malted barley, stirring well. Keep it at this temperature for about 1-2 hours.
  3. Fermentation: Allow the mash to cool to 70°F (21°C). Add the sugar and stir until it dissolves completely. Add the distiller’s yeast and transfer the mixture to a fermentation bucket. Seal it with an airlock and let it ferment for about 7-10 days until bubbling stops.
  4. Distillation: Transfer the liquid to a still and distill according to the manufacturer’s instructions, usually keeping the temperature around 175°F (80°C).

2. Apple Pie Buckeye Moonshine Recipe


  • 1 gallon of homemade moonshine
  • 1 gallon of apple cider
  • 1 gallon of apple juice
  • 3 cups of brown sugar
  • 2 tbsp of cinnamon or 4-5 cinnamon sticks


  1. Combine Ingredients: In a large pot, combine apple cider, apple juice, brown sugar, and cinnamon. Heat until near boiling, then let simmer for about 30 minutes.
  2. Cooling: Allow the mixture to cool completely.
  3. Add Moonshine: Once the mixture is cool, add the moonshine. Stir well.
  4. Bottling: Bottle the mixture and let it age for a few weeks in a cool, dark place. The longer it ages, the smoother it will taste.

Important Note:

Making moonshine can be illegal without proper permits and can also be dangerous if not done correctly. Ensure compliance with local laws and consider safety first when distilling spirits at home.

Let your imagination and taste buds guide you on a flavorful journey as we explore the diverse landscape of Buckeye Moonshine recipes, uncovering the secrets of time-honored flavors and the adventurous spirit of contemporary mixology.

Safety and Legal Considerations

Handling and Storage

Proper handling and storage of moonshine are essential for ensuring safety and quality. Following established guidelines and precautions is crucial to prevent accidents and maintain the integrity of the distilled spirits.

  • Use of Airtight Containers: Storing moonshine in airtight containers is vital to prevent evaporation and preserve the flavor and alcohol content over time.
  • Temperature Control: Maintaining a consistent temperature in the storage area is important for preventing fluctuations that can affect the quality of the moonshine.
  • Avoiding Sunlight Exposure: Store moonshine in a dark area away from direct sunlight. Do this to prevent the breakdown of flavors. Additionally it will help maintain the integrity of the distilled spirits.

Legality of Moonshine Production

Producing moonshine is a time-honored tradition with a rich history, but navigating the legalities surrounding moonshine production can be complex. It requires a deep understanding of the regulations and licensing requirements to ensure responsible and lawful distillation practices. Let’s delve into the detailed considerations when it comes to the legality of moonshine production.

When venturing into moonshine production, adherence to legal requirements is critical. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Obtaining the necessary permits and licenses from the relevant authorities is paramount. This involves understanding the specific regulations governing alcohol production in your region, including federal, state, and local laws.
  • Compliance with health and safety standards, as well as environmental regulations, plays a vital role in ensuring responsible distillation practices.
  • Understanding the taxation and reporting requirements associated with alcohol production is essential to avoid any legal ramifications.

It’s important to recognize that the legal framework for moonshine production can vary significantly from one location to another. Different regions have different laws and regulations. What is acceptable and legal in one area may not be so in another.

Local laws and regulations may dictate the permissible alcohol content, production quantities, labeling requirements, and distribution restrictions. Familiarizing oneself with these local nuances is indispensable for legal compliance.

Understanding the potential enforcement measures and penalties associated with non-compliance is crucial. Depending on the jurisdiction, penalties for unauthorized alcohol production can range from fines and confiscation of equipment to severe legal repercussions.

Ultimately, complying with the legal framework is not just a legal requirement but also a demonstration of ethical distillation practices. Respecting the regulations and upholding the integrity of the distillation process is essential for maintaining the heritage of moonshine production within the bounds of the law.

Tips for a Successful Batch

The Importance of Cleanliness

Ensuring cleanliness and sanitation in moonshine production is more than just a best practice—it’s a non-negotiable requirement. Every step of the process, from sourcing ingredients to distillation, warrants meticulous attention to cleanliness. By upholding these standards, producers can effectively shield their products from contaminants and maintain the integrity and quality of the final moonshine.

  • Source Ingredients Safely: Utilize high-quality, uncontaminated ingredients from reputable suppliers to ensure purity from the start.
  • Optimal Production Environment: Create a well-sanitized production space, including equipment and storage areas, to minimize the risk of contamination.
  • Hygienic Handling: Implement thorough cleaning and personal hygiene practices to uphold the pristine nature of the production process.
  • Protect Quality and Reputation: Prioritize cleanliness not only for product quality but also to uphold a positive brand reputation that consumers can trust.

Monitoring Temperature

When it comes to monitoring the temperature during the fermentation and distillation processes, there are several key factors to consider in order to ensure the production of high-quality moonshine. Let’s take a closer look at the importance of accurate temperature monitoring and the specific methods used to achieve optimal results.

  • Temperature Control: Maintaining the right temperature throughout the fermentation and distillation stages is crucial for the conversion of the mash into high-quality moonshine. This involves closely monitoring and regulating the temperature to ensure the ideal environment for yeast activity and vaporization.
  • Thermal Dynamics: Understanding the thermal dynamics involved in the distillation process is essential for achieving consistent results. This includes managing the heat exchange within the still to control the separation of alcohol and other components.
  • Effects of Temperature Variations: Variations in temperature can significantly impact the outcome of the distillation process. Exploring the potential effects of temperature fluctuations on the quality and flavor of the final product is key to mastering the art of moonshine production.
  • Temperature Monitoring Tools: Utilizing advanced temperature monitoring tools, such as digital thermometers and temperature probes, can provide real-time data and insights to optimize the distillation process.
  • Optimizing Temperature Profiles: Developing precise temperature profiles for different stages of fermentation and distillation can enhance the overall efficiency and quality of moonshine production. This involves implementing tailored temperature adjustments based on the specific requirements of each phase.

Testing for Alcohol Content

Regularly testing the alcohol content of the moonshine is essential for gauging its potency and ensuring that it meets desired specifications. This practice contributes to the overall quality and satisfaction of the finished spirits.

  • Importance of Alcohol Testing:
  • Testing the alcohol content is crucial for maintaining consistency and quality in moonshine production. This process helps distillers ensure that the spirits meet the expected potency and flavor profile, fostering customer satisfaction and brand loyalty.
  • Methods of Alcohol Testing:
  • Distillers utilize various methods to test the alcohol content, including hydrometer readings, refractometer measurements, and chromatography analysis. Each method offers unique insights into the purity and strength of the moonshine, guiding producers in refining their distillation techniques for optimal results.
  • Regulatory Compliance:
  • Understanding the legal regulations and standards for alcohol content is crucial for distillers. Compliance with alcohol percentage requirements is essential to avoid legal repercussions and ensures that the moonshine aligns with industry standards, maintaining the integrity of the distillery’s operations and products.


Crafting Buckeye Moonshine is an artful journey that intertwines tradition, creativity, and responsibility. Embracing the heritage and craftsmanship of moonshine distillation enriches the cultural tapestry while inviting enthusiasts to savor the timeless allure of this spirited treasure.